Roseberry / Mouds Bog
Mouds Bog has been designated a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) (Site code 002331)
(Readers please note that part of Roseberry / Mouds Bog is privately owned, and must be respected as such.)
Roseberry / Mouds Bog lies approximately 500 metres to the north of the town boundary, and is a wonderful natural wildlife area. The Bog is a refuge for wildlife, with significant habitats and a wide variety of plant and animal species. It comprises of heat land, raised bog land, wooded areas, there are a variety of butterflies, heathers, bog cotton and other wildlife such as herons, frogs, and foxes out hunting in the undergrowth.
Bogs in general formed as dead plants began to decay, falling into small lakes and slowly filling the water area. Over a period of 10,000 years of relatively undisturbed activity, the peat lands developed as sphagnum moss changed what was a fen to bog-land as we know it today. Unlike Roseberry / Mouds Bog – Pollardstown Fen remained a fen because the fresh alkaline waters of the Curragh prevented the growth of bog mosses.
Up to relatively recently much of the turf being extracted from our bogs was cut by a sleán, “footed” to allow it to dry and brought home for burning in household fireplaces, and during these times items found on bogs include bog butter, wooden tools etc.
Bogs are very sensitive environments and if passing through on the public roads do not dispose of litter, or unwanted household goods, in or near the bog-land, be extremely careful not to cause a fire on the bog, as fires are extremely difficult to control, and do enormous damage to the wildlife on our bogs.
Our bogs are an important part of our national heritage, they are also of international importance, which we should be very proud of and endeavour to pass on to future generations in good condition. Bogs purify water and tend to reduce flooding because they absorb and hold water, which is released slowly into streams, rivers and lakes.
Under the 1992 European Habitats Directive the State is required to protect various species and natural habitats, and some bog-lands are included, but only those which would adequately represent the natural range of habitat conditions and species which were found in Ireland.
Plants which can be found in raised bogs include:
- Heather (Calluna vulgaris);
- Bog Cotton (Eriophorum vaginatum and E. angustifolium);
- Bog Asphodel (Narthecium ossifragum);
- Deer Sedge (Scirpus cespitosus);
- Bog Mosses (Sphagnum papillosum, Sphagnum palustre, Sphagnum capillifolium, Sphagnum cuspidatum and Sphagnum magellanicum);
- Bog Rosemary (Andromeda polifolia);
- Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus);
- Bog Myrtle (Myrica gale);
Other species found in this area which are not normally associated with raised bog surfaces are:
- Rushes (Juncus effusus);
- Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum);
- Birch trees (Betula pubescens);
Birds which have been recorded in the area include Skylark, Meadow Pipit, Curlew, Kestrel and Red Grouse.
For information on bogs and their history and protection you could visit the following sites:
National Parks & Wildlife Service – Mouds Bog SAC
Irish Peatland Conservation Council
National Parks and Wildlife Service Website